Introduction

Introduction

The first cities and the first gardens known to history were made in Mesopotamia with the Sumerian word sar meaning ‘orchard’, ‘garden’ or ‘palm grove’. In Mesopotamia they made orchard gardens, temple gardens and palaces with courtyards. Egypt is where the world's oldest surviving garden plans were drawn. The Egyptians made horticultural gardens temple gardens and palace gardens.

History of Garden Design

History of Garden Design

The first cities and the first gardens known to history were made in Mesopotamia with the Sumerian word sar meaning ‘orchard’, ‘garden’ or ‘palm grove’. In Mesopotamia they made orchard gardens, temple gardens and palaces with courtyards. Egypt is where the world's oldest surviving garden plans were drawn. The Egyptians made horticultural gardens temple gardens and palace gardens.

Garden Designers of Influence

Garden Designers of Influence

André Le Nôtre, 17th-century French landscape architect. France’s most famous gardener was employed by Louis XIV to create, at the palace of Versailles, the most extensive gardens in the Western world. Le Nôtre brought the Renaissance style, based upon symmetry and order, to its zenith. Versailles was copied, not only by the designers of other princely gardens, such as those at La Granja in Spain, the Peterhof near St. Petersburg or the Schönbrunn Palace in Vienna, but by city planners who appropriated its geometry of intersecting axes. The most surprising example is the influential plan for Washington D.C. produced in 1791 by the French engineer Pierre-Charles L’Enfant, who had grown up at Versailles.